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Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)

Crown Immigration Corporation > Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)

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The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

 

Minimum requirements

To be eligible, you must

  • meet the required language levels for each language ability
    • writing
    • reading
    • listening
    • speaking
  • have at least 2 years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience) in a skilled trade within the 5 years before you apply
    • your work experience must be for paid work (paid wages or earned commission—volunteer work or unpaid internships don’t count)
  • meet the job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification, except for needing a certificate of qualification
  • have a
    • valid job offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least 1 year or
    • certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority

 

Skilled work experience

Skilled trades for the Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these groups of the National Occupational Classification (NOC):

  • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades
  • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades
  • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
  • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
  • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks
  • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers

 

The major NOC groups are subdivided into different occupations, and they are all skill type B.

 

You must show that you performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the NOC. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.

 

If you don’t show that your experience meets the description in the NOC, your application will likely be refused.

 

Find the NOC code, title and skill type or level for your job.

 

The work experience only counts after you qualified to independently practice the occupation.

 

Education

There is no education requirement for the Federal Skilled Trades Program. But, if you want to improve your rank in the Express Entry pool, there are 2 ways you can do this:

  • If you went to school in Canada, you can get points for a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary institution (high school) or
    • post-secondary institution

or

  • If you have foreign education, you can get points for a completed educational credential, if you have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report for immigration purposes from a designated organization showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary institution (high school) or
    • post-secondary institution

 

Language ability

You must

  • meet the minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for speaking and listening, and Canadian Language Benchmark 4 for reading and writing
  • take approved language tests for
    • writing
    • reading
    • listening
    • speaking
  • enter the test results in your Express Entry profile

 

Your language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.

 

Proof of funds

You must show that you have enough money for you and your family to settle in Canada, unless you

  • are currently able to legally work in Canada and
  • have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada

 

Admissibility

You must be admissible to Canada.

 

Where you can live in Canada

You must plan to live outside the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers. If you plan on living in Quebec, see Quebec-selected skilled workers for more information.

 

When you fill out your profile, IRCC will ask you where you plan to live in Canada. You don’t have to settle in that province or territory.

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