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FAQ Canadian Citizenship

I already have a citizenship application in process. How will the 2015 changes to the citizenship legislation affect my application?

If your citizenship application was deemed to be complete and received (by IRCC) before June 11, 2015, the new residence requirements and expanded age groups for language and knowledge testing do not affect your application or the applications of any associated minors. However, some situations could prevent you from being granted citizenship regardless of when you apply, including misrepresenting yourself, criminal offences abroad and any unfulfilled conditions attached to your status as a permanent resident.

How much does it cost to apply for Canadian citizenship?

Fees for adults and children under 18 are available on IRCC Website: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/fees/fees.asp#citizenship

Is the citizenship test difficult?

The citizenship test covers the range of topics and subjects found in the citizenship study guide entitled Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship. You should study this guide to prepare for the test. On the test, you can expect to see questions that ask about:

  • Facts and ideas presented in Discover Canada;
  • Your understanding of Canada’s history, symbols, institutions and values; and
  • The rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship.

Does the study guide have sample questions to help me prepare for the citizenship test?

Yes, you can find study questions for the citizenship test in Discover Canada.

I am a citizen of another country. Will I lose that citizenship if I become a Canadian?

Perhaps. Under Canadian law, a Canadian can be a citizen of another country as well. Some countries, however, will not let you keep their citizenship if you become a Canadian citizen. The consulate or embassy of your other country of citizenship can let you know whether this applies to you.

After I apply for citizenship, how long will it be before I am asked to write the citizenship test?

The time between submitting your application and writing the citizenship test can vary from one case to the next and depends on the processing times. When IRCC begins processing your application, they will mail you a letter telling you this. Later, you will be mailed a notice telling you the time and location of your test. This is your official confirmation that you will be taking the citizenship test. You can also check the Client Application Status service, which will tell you when we mailed letters or notices to you. If you move to a new address, you must inform IRCC. You can update your address online.

Can I reschedule my citizenship test if I cannot attend it?

Yes. If you are not available on the date and time of your citizenship test, the notice inviting you to the test will tell you how to reschedule it. If this is the first time you have been asked to write the test, IRCC will automatically re- schedule you for a new date if you miss the test.

When do I know if I passed the citizenship test?

IRCC will give you the results of your test right after you take it. If you pass and meet the others requirements for citizenship, you will get a citizenship ceremony date at the same time you get your results. If you do not, you will be mailed a letter with the date and time of your ceremony. You will receive this letter two to four weeks before the ceremony. The ceremony will normally take place within six months after you pass the test. If you do not pass the exam the first time, you can write it again. If you pass the second time, you will either get a date or a letter in mail. If you are asked to attend a hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge, you will be sent a letter after the hearing. This letter will tell you if the officer or the judge has decided to grant you citizenship and, if so, the date of your ceremony.

What happens if I fail the written citizenship test?

If you do not pass the written test, but you meet the other criteria for citizenship, IRCC will schedule you for a second test. The second test will usually take place 4-8 weeks after your first test, but the delay may be longer. If you are not available to take the test on that date, you must let IRCC know. If you do not pass the second test, you will be sent a notice telling you to appear for a hearing with a citizenship officer. During this hearing, the citizenship officer may assess whether you meet all the requirements for citizenship. During an oral interview, the citizenship officer may:

  • Test your knowledge of Canada and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship;
  • Ask questions about your residency in Canada; and/or
  • Assess if you have adequate knowledge of English or French.

If you are asked to attend an interview, but applied for citizenship with your family by sending your applications in the same envelope, your application will be processed separately from your family’s unless you want them to be processed together.

What if I cannot attend my hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge? Can I reschedule it?

Yes. If you are not available on the date and time to meet with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge as part of your application for citizenship, you can schedule a new date and time. The notice asking you to appear will contain the details of:

  • How to schedule a new appointment;
  • What will happen if you do not attend the meeting.

What happens after the hearing with a citizenship officer to test my knowledge of Canada?

The hearing will last 30 to 90 minutes. At the hearing, the citizenship officer will ask you questions orally to see if you meet the conditions of citizenship, including knowledge of Canada. After your hearing, we will send you a letter with the results. If you passed the interview, the letter will tell you the date of your citizenship ceremony. Not passing the interview will cause your application for citizenship to be refused. For further information, contact us.